deschooling society – ivan illich

“…the right to learn is curtailed by the obligation to attend school.”

“The pupil is thereby ‘schooled’ to confuse teaching with learning, grade advancement with education, a diploma with competence, and fluency with the ability to say something new.”

“Most learning happens casually, and even most intentional learning is not the result of programmed instruction.”

“The very existence of obligatory schools divides any society into two realms: some time spans and processes and treatments are ‘academic’ or ‘pedagogic,’ and others are not.  The power of school thus to divide social reality has no boundaries: education becomes unworldly and the world becomes noneducational.”

“The school system today performs the threefold function common to powerful churches throughout history.  It is simultaneously the repository of society’s myth, the institutionalization of that myth’s contradictions, and the locus of the ritual which reproduces and veils the disparities between myth and reality.”